IVF TREATMENTS

IVF: In vitro fertilization
Eggs are combined with your partner’s sperm in a laboratory. After fertilization, the resulting embryos develop for three to five days before being transferred to your uterus.
ICSI: intra cytoplasmic sperm injection
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Donor egg or embryos
If you are unable to conceive with your own eggs , you can have IVF treatment using eggs donated by another woman. The donor egg is combined with your partner’s sperm & the resulting embryo is transferred to your uterus. This procedure can also be done with a donated embryo donated sperm.
Assisted hatching
After an egg is fertilized in the laboratory, cells begin to divide. During the initial stage of development, the embryo is contained in a layer of proteins known as the zona pellicuda. In order to successfully implant into the uterine lining, an embryo has to hatch out of the zona pellicuda & attach to the wall of the uterus.
GIFT: gamete intra fallopian transfer
In this procedure, eggs are combined with your partner’s sperm in a lab, then immediately inserted into your fallopian tubes through a small incision in your abdomen. Fertilization happens inside your body & the embryo implant naturally.
ZIFT: zygote intra fallopian transfer
In this your eggs are mixed with your partner’s sperm in lab but in this procedure your doctor waits until fertilization occurs before transferring the embryos to your fallopian tubes through a small incision in your abdomen.
Embryo freezing
Preservation of embryo for future is done under this procedure. Often with IVF or ICSI, people have a number of unused embryos after their 1st cycle. Some people choose to freeze them for use in later treatment, research purpose or training.
Egg freezing
Egg freezing also known as mature oocyte cryopreservation, is a method used to preserve a woman’s reproductive potential. Eggs are harvested from your ovaries, frozen unfertilized & stored for later use. A frozen egg can be thawed, combined with sperm in lab & implanted in your uterus ( in IVF ).
Sperm freezing
Sperm can be frozen for future use either in artificial insemination or other fertility treatments or be donated. Donated sperm has to be stored for 6 months before it can be used in treatment, in order to screen the donor for infections. Sperm cells have been frozen , thawed & used in treatment for more than 40 years, although not all sperm survive the freezing process.
Surrogacy
Another woman carries your embryo or donor embryo to term & give birth to your baby.

MYTHS & FACTS

MYTH: Infertility is the woman’s problem
MYTH: Most people get pregnant very easily
MYTH: People who have had children cannot be infertile
MYTH: A 40-year-old woman is still young and should have no problem in getting pregnant
MYTH: Nutrition is important during pregnancy, but it does not affect fertility
MYTH: Fertility treatments are too complex
MYTH: In vitro fertilization is a risky process

 Why Us?

State of the ART lab
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Well equipped operation theatre
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50 bedded well equipped hospital
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Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit
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24 hrs specialist for labor & delivery
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Infertility – an insight

Infertility is defined as failure or inability to conceive even after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse unprotected or without the of oral contraception ( and there is no other reason ,such as breast feeding or postpartum amenorrhea ). In women who are 35 yrs or above, this period is stretched to 6 months. This is because fertility decreases with age. What people normally believe that fertility is a female health problem, which is not true as both the partner are responsible for fertility. So both partner can be responsible for infertility.
Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child. Secondary infertility is failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy

Causes

Male infertility

  • Low sperm count or quality.
  • Problems with the tubes carrying sperm.
  • Problem with getting erection.
  • Abnormal sperm production or function; due to un descended testicles ,genetic defects ,health problems such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, mumps or HIV. Enlarged veins in the testes (varicocele) can also act the quality of sperm.
  • Problems with the delivery of sperm (ejaculation) due to sexual problems, such as premature ejaculation, certain genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis, structural problems such as a blockage the testicle or damage or injury to the reproductive organs.
  • Over exposure to certain environmental factors ; such as pesticide & other chemicals & radiations, cigarette smoking , alcohol, marijuana or taking certain medications such as selected antibiotics, antihypertensives, anabolic steroids or other, can also affect fertility. Raised body temp also may affect sperm production.
  • Damage related to cancer & its treatment; including radiation or chemotherapy. Treatment for cancer can impair sperm production, sometimes severely.

Female infertility

  • Damage to the fallopian tubes.
  • Endometriosis.
  • No identifiable reason.
  • Ovulation problems such as PCOD, hyper prolactinemia, hyper & hypo thyroidism. Other like excessive exercise, eating disorders, injury or tumors.
  • Uterine or cervical abnormalities; including abnormalities with the opening of the cervix, polyps in uterus or the shape of the uterus. Non cancerous (benign) tumors in the uterine wall (fibroids), may rarely cause infertility by blocking the tubes.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency, when the ovaries stop working & menstruation ends before age 40. Certain factors are associated such as Turner syndrome or carries of fragile X- syndrome, radiation or chemotherapy & smoking.
  • Pelvic adhesions, bands of scar tissue that bind organs after pelvic infection, appendicitis or abdominal or pelvic surgery.

Other causes

  • Cancer & its treatment.
  • Medical conditions associated with delayed puberty or amenorrhea such as celiac disease, poorly controlled diabetes & some autoimmune disease such as lupus.